We’re Jo Hyde and Gordon Rugg. We’ve had improbable lives. Our work at various times has included mysterious manuscripts, forensics, cold cases, and inventing radical new software, plus making replica Bronze Age swords. Between us, we’ve done archaeology, modelling, retail, schoolteaching and working in a timberyard, among other things. This blog is about interesting ideas we’ve encountered along the way.
Our banner image refers to four main areas of our work, which will be recurrent themes in this blog.
“Blind Spot” is about our main body of research. It brings together ways of getting accurate, reliable information out of people, and then choosing the best way to represent that information. It integrates that with ways of checking for errors in human reasoning, and with ways of selecting the best methods for getting information into people via teaching, training and learning. It includes the story of Gordon’s work on the Voynich Manuscript. We’ll be featuring articles which explore in more detail some of the ideas featured in the book.
We’ve been working on ways of systematically mapping different types of information onto visual representations, to help clarify complex concepts. We’re working with colleagues in various fields, including astrobiology, medicine and forensics.
We’re members of the team that developed the Search Visualizer, a new type of interface for online search. It lets you do things that you can’t do with other search software, and it’s already produced interesting new findings about Shakespeare’s writing, the structure of Genesis in the Old Testament, and the plot devices of Jane Austen and Arthur Conan Doyle.
It’s available, free, online at: http://www.searchvisualizer.com
The Search Visualizer blog is at: http://searchvisualizer.wordpress.com/
We’ve worked on four actual or possible codes: the Voynich Manuscript, the D’Agpeyeff Cipher, the Ricardus Manuscript and the Penitentia Manuscript.
Jo @ Gordon:
To see what graph theory can do when informed by anthropology, history of science, and library science, have a look at this paper:
We call our line of investigation “resource description cosmology,” positioning it as a *complementary* (à la Bohr) to the quantum-level approaches typical of W3C’s RDF.
I am sharing information with you, what I have already presented to the Beinecke’s library.
It could be something new.
My name is Sukhwant Singh and for the past 2 months I have extensively researched in depth on MS-408 better known as the Voynich manuscript.
I hope, my explanation will lead to resolving the Voynich manuscript once and for all.
The origins of the VM ( Voynich Manuscript ) lies in 6000 miles east from its current location. The place is in North Eastern Sindh region which is a part of Pakistan right now. The explanation in the VM is copied from an even older original book written in “Brahmi” language about ( 300-400 B.C ). The knowledge and editions of the books were passed through generations of merchants( Known as Mahajan’s with Vedic knowledge ) in ancient Indus valley civilization which also gave the name “Sindhustan”, the Sindh region in particular which was divided into India and Pakistan in 1947.
The book is divided into 4 parts as mentioned by the author( details below ) written in early 15th century as that’s the time period when Khojki was more prominent.
The book was taken by the “Holy” man from town to town and based on the knowledge he had( He was the go to guy and first person to approach in case of issues, either injury or some depression, bad dreams, marriage and business, Hex etc. ) , and the facts he collected from the inhabitants/customer. This man would then recommend to-do things. The book also deals with what kind of women she is based on the type of hair she has, what type of clothes she wears, what to expect from the second wife of the husband etc. What to do if someone has Hex on you and how to figure it out and recommendations for getting rid of the Hex.
The book is not written for others to read and is usually passed within the family from Father to Son or someone more capable whom the Mahajan has taught and guided himself.
When the Arab conquered the Sindh region in about early 700 ADs and moved more towards the east they started eliminating learned Sindhi scholars and Holy men, who enjoyed rich merchant heritage and were established in the region. With passage of time, “Urdu” language was forced in the region and subsequently became an official language and in current times known as Sindhi language (Descendent language of Landa script) which is currently written in Urdu script.
In early 15th century Khojki language was used by many to write prayer hyms and guidance songs. The extended use of this script and the underlining Landa script also indicate that the author didn’t revise his book into the periods urdu language but made it’s knowledge more hidden by superimposing Khwaja Khoji Vowel marks on top of Brahmi languages ( K, Ki, Ku, Kuu, Kay, Kaay, Ku, Kho, KHU, KHUU Gutturals ( Guttural).
Brahmi language is considered as the main language based on which current northern India languages are based on. It itself is part of Indo-European set of language whose base is Sanskrit in general. This timeline spans 1000’s of years from the period of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro.
This VM manuscript is a very important book and will be another key to bind “Roma” people in Europe with their Sindh region ancestry. Most likely this book was taken along with the movement of Sindh’s migrant population 100’s of years ago( as slaves by Arab rulers ) and was preserved in good condition because the knowledge it would provide and likely the person owning it wanted to one day use it to establish the same respect the merchants of the Sindh region held. “Roma” migration from Sindh region resulted in scores of people being moved as slaves into Turkey and then current Europe.
There has been plenty of scientific tests conducted on the origins of Roma people. The book landed from a Roma person into the hands of Italian rulers as the poor Roma people faced many atrocities in Europe and many times were eliminated by the countries in which they tried to make their settlements.
The main issue to decipher the VM had to do with the place where it ended first and then later in America. Considering the “Nasal” phonetic words particular to “Landa” language (Ancestor language of Khudabadi, Mahajani, Gurmukhi, Khojki, Sindhi languages) are not spoken in Europe and for that matter in America.
English does not have these sounds at all. So for that matter it becomes next to impossible to decipher it and all the false theories it has generated, including its origins.
In America, it being predominantly English speaking world it adds to the problem where from ages researchers started emphasizing that the VM is some sort of miniscule Roman language or some false code system( It is not ).
That miscategorization has hindered the deciphering of the language for such a long time.
I have deciphered the alphabet to what I think it is( As I originally belong to Punjab region and I am aware of the cursive writings from the region as well as phonetics ).
The alphabet contains 4 different character set from languages spoken in same way but written in different form. There was no consistency of a set language in the region.
The merchants/judicial holy Sindhu men started using 3,4 languages mix in order to hide the contents( depending on the knowledge of the person and area he travelled ). This was done to protect business knowhow and maintain superiority at that time. The languages used by the merchants of North western Multan and Sindh were “Multani” and “Landa/Khudabadi/Mahajani” apart from other regional dialects and written words. It was what the Sindhu Mahajan’s( Merchants ) used to do. This kind of book and knowledge was in demand as people relied on auspicious moon cycles and it was part of daily life and it is still in many parts of the world.
Day and night are divided into 15 “Mahurats” or auspicious times, Year is divided in 12 months based on astrological signs ( Not January February etc.. ) The day and night each were divided into 8 parts each based on Sanskrit astrology ( pages 67v and 69v clearly depicts the division of 8 parts segments around the sun and moon )
The times, days, years were not depicted as in Roman date forms, nor did they had the same timeline of 24 hours. This book is thus written with calculating moon cycles and the positions of 9 planets and the Vedic astrological knowledge is gathered from the original Brahmi book ( 300-400 BC or even earlier ).
Some details of which are recorded in India’s archeological preservations.
The characters are also intermingled from dialects in the region but they sound and mean the same example
CH, TA, JJH, K, KH are written in mixed scripts, which makes it difficult.
The Brahmi scipts usage from which the MS 408 book was copied adds to more complexity, but the words used are common short 2-3 characters found in recent Devanagari language. This book probably had 1-2 readers( at that time, Mahajan himself and probably his son or someone else he took along on his business in various towns There were other people who had similar books but probably not as detailed as this one. Holy men were killed by Arab rulers and their books were burned so that Arab rule could be established in force and almost everyone follow one language, which was Urdu ( like Persian script ). This book most likely was hidden by the author and usually people like him belonged to higher castes who had good people connections as they were respected for their knowledge and guidance. The so called lower caste people were made slave labor and soldiers to fight in wars. It is likely that this book’s author was killed and as this book was hidden was later picked by someone else and taken along as an important document to be used later. The problem occurred to decipher it at that time too, so the Roma person kept for generations hidden in the belongings until it ended in front of some Italian king’s subject.
The languages used in MS 408 are ( Yes, there are multiple languages, but their pronunciations are almost same ).
Landa, Khojki and Brahmi are used throughout the book.
1. Landa ( Which later became Sindhi, Khudabadi, Khojki )
2. Brahmi ( 300- 400 B.C ) Which gives a reason to believe that MS-408 is copied from an original book
6. Gurmukhi which is also a descendent of Landa script ( Words which cuts at the end and sounds individual standing separately ). Gurmukhi usage is very minimal, which tells that the book was written prior to the era in which the Gurmukhi was main stream in Punjab region around 1430 AD.
The last page 116V is written by someone else other than the original writer as it contains characters from Sarada and JaunSari scripts from mountainous region of Southwestern Kashmir as those few lines are similar to later on what became Kashmiri Dialect and scripted language.
First paragraph from 1r goes like this.
“Many 100’s of years desire tradition and as requested by the cultivator from his pouring knowledge in under increasing guidance
To accomplish it this promise of the interrogation of field subjects and about those manner for eating about their power learning from oneself condition about
under ongoing sufferings about stuck in those conditions which has already affected them learning from them in self-help either called for taking care during taking care or
When called by the messenger one about trees provided information in parts and about desire….”
I agree with you that the text of the Voynich Manuscript is meaningless gibberish.
As far as the Voynich manuscript is the vast majority of researchers focused on trying to decipher the code letter. According to me, the text is intentionally followed a hoax aimed to engage readers in a fruitless search for the code of the manuscript as such. Intentionally scattered like a puzzle – Centuries of Nostradamus.
I am in his search focused on the symbolic meaning of the illustration. The manuscript, specifically its part herb is, according to me, a compendium of knowledge about the evolution of life on Earth – from its cosmological aspect, through the evolution of Man (Darwin’s theory), to Prehistory, History and Contemporary. The rest of the manuscript – sections herb, its author has encrypted all the important events of our common history with such precision that many a textbook for history would have envied accuracy. Not only that, encrypted manuscript illustrations describe as quite contemporary events as well as those that only we will see in the future!
Another part of the Voynich Manuscript – biological, in graphic and symbolic way, the knowledge of the essential components of human physiology. This is not a story about treatments balneological, methods of treatment – the spa. This part must be understood in the same way as described by Albert Barillé in the French animated series: Il Etait Une Fois … La Vie.
75R – The male reproductive system.
75V – The organs of the urinary tract.
76v – Biology of human life.
77R – Menstrual cycle.
77V – Female reproductive system.
78R – The endocrine system (endocrine) in men.
78V – endocrine gland.
79R – Changes in the ovary during the menstrual cycle.
79V – The endocrine system in women. Estrogens.
80R – Psychophysiology of female sexuality.
80V – orgasm.
81R – Urinary tract – the kidneys.
81V – Urinary tract – the bladder.
82R – Digestive system.
82V – Respiratory system.
83R – nervous system. Neuron.
83V – Vision.
84R – Taste. Somatic senses. Smell.
84V – Hearing.
More in my blog:
well, this is a little bit anachronistic.
Very interesting book “Mystery of Senzar” about decoding of Manuscript MS 408 on Amazon
There is a key to cipher the Voynich manuscript. The manuscript was not written in Hebrew.
The key to the cipher manuscript placed in the manuscript. It is placed throughout the text. Part of the key hints is placed on the sheet 14. With her help was able to translate a few dozen words that are completely relevant to the theme sections.
The Voynich manuscript is not written with letters. It is written in signs. Characters replace the letters of the alphabet one of the ancient language. Moreover, in the text there are 2 levels of encryption. I figured out the key by which the first section could read the following words: hemp, wearing hemp; food, food (sheet 20 at the numbering on the Internet); to clean (gut), knowledge, perhaps the desire, to drink, sweet beverage (nectar), maturation (maturity), to consider, to believe (sheet 107); to drink; six; flourishing; increasing; intense; peas; sweet drink, nectar, etc. Is just the short words, 2-3 sign. To translate words with more than 2-3 characters requires knowledge of this ancient language. The fact that some symbols represent two letters. In the end, the word consisting of three characters can fit up to six letters. Three letters are superfluous. In the end, you need six characters to define the semantic word of three letters. Of course, without knowledge of this language make it very difficult even with a dictionary.
If you are interested, I am ready to send more detailed information, including scans of pages showing the translated words.
And most important. In the manuscript there is information about “the Holy Grail”.